First aid on the road

First aid on the road

First aid on the road
At the moment of a road accident, there are usually no professional medical services in the place, and until their arrival, the injured parties are dependent on the assistance of random people. We are all potential victims as well as emergency rescuers. In addition, it is a crime not to provide assistance to the victim of an accident, as stated in Article 162 of the Criminal Code. It is better to do it even if it is not entirely correct than not to take any action.
According to the basic principle, one should first take care of one’s own safety. We stop our car in a safe place, assess the situation and secure the area of the incident. We turn on the hazard lights and use a warning triangle. You should make sure, for example, that passing vehicles do not pose a threat, that there is no leakage of gasoline, the danger of explosion. Speak to the victim loudly while approaching him/her. In this way we keep in touch with the victim and check whether he is conscious and support him mentally. We always treat the victim as if they have a damaged spine or cervical vertebrae. Gently immobilize the victim’s head. If the victim is a motorcycle rider, we do not take off his helmet without an absolute necessity. If the injured person is still in the car, we should not pull him out of the car, unless, for example, due to a fire, staying there threatens his life.
If there are more witnesses to the accident, one person should immediately start giving first aid to the victims, and someone else should call for an ambulance. If we are alone on the scene of the accident and there are many victims, we call for help first. Now practically everyone has a mobile phone with them. Telephones allow you to call the emergency number even without a SIM card. If you call 112 or directly 999, you call the ambulance first giving the place of the emergency. The conversation with the dispatcher should be specific and contain key information about the location and type of the event. This person will start asking us questions, such as how to check the victim’s breath.
If the victim is unconscious, we observe whether their chest is rising and falling or not. You can also bring the cheek closer to the victim’s mouth. We also control the heart rate, preferably on the carotid artery. If the person is not breathing and has no circulation, start compressions of the heart. First, roll up the person’s clothing to make it easier to access the sternum. Place one hand in the middle of the sternum and the other hand on the first one, braiding the fingers. Hands must be straight and must not be torn off during resuscitation. In the case of small children, use one hand and massage babies with two fingers. Then vigorously apply pressure to the victim’s chest. We do this at a rate of about 100 rather deep compressions per minute. Such an activity in reality requires a lot of clotting and is tiring, and stress does not facilitate the task. If there are more rescuers, they can change. Do not think about breaking the ribs of the victim. Heart rate is more important than whole bones. In this way, the vital functions of the person are maintained, if necessary, until the arrival of the ambulance. There is also the question of inhalation, because in the past, in most training courses, the common rule was to breathe in about thirty compressions cycles and two rescue breaths. Nowadays, it is increasingly being said that hugs are much more important. However, airway patency must be checked. Vomiting and other foreign bodies make it difficult to breathe, so they need to be removed.
Accident victims often have various types of external wounds – cut, pulled or otherwise. Heavy bleeding must be stopped as soon as possible.

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